The establishment of State Public Service Commissions at the provincial level was sanctioned by the Government of India Act of 1935. After the Indian Constitution came into force, these provincial establishments were granted constitutional status. In contrast to the Union Public Service Commission at the center, the state governments oversee the functioning of the State Public Service Commissions.
Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Indian Constitution detail the various functions of the State Public Service Commissions, including composition, member appointments, removal and transfer procedures, powers, functional authorities, and safeguarding the independence of each respective state.
This article lists the details of various Public Service Commissions for the academic year 2024-25.
List of State Public Service Commission Exams
|Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission
|Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission
|Arunachal Pradesh PSC
|Assam Public Service Commission
|Bihar Public Service Commission
|Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission
|Goa Public Service Commission
|Goa PSC Exam
|Gujarat Public Service Commission
|Haryana Public Service Commission
|Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission
|Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission
|Jharkhand Public Service Commission
|Karnataka Public Service Commission
|KPSC KAS Exam
|Kerala Public Service Commission
|Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
|Maharashtra Public Service Commission
|Manipur Public Service Commission
|Meghalaya Public Service Commission
|Mizoram Public Service Commission
|Nagaland Public Service Commission
|Odisha Public Service Commission
|Punjab Public Service Commission
|Rajasthan Public Service Commission
|Sikkim Public Service Commission
|Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
|Telangana Public Service Commission
|Tripura Public Service Commission
|Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission
|Uttarakhand Public Service Commission
|West Bengal Public Service Commission
Public Service Commission (PSC) – Overview
In the table below, we have summarised all necessary information about State Public Service Commission
|01 Chairman leads other members (There is no fixed number for the other commission members. The Governor of the State decides the number of members.)
|The constitution does not explicitly specify the qualification of the Chairman and other members. There are certain prevailing conditions – one-half of the committee members should be such persons who have held office positions for a minimum duration of ten years either under the government of India or the government of a respective state
|6 years or till the member reaches the age of 62 years. After the 41st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976, the retirement age was extended to 62 years from 60 years.
|Annual Report submitted to
|The Governor receives the submission and later tables it for discussion before the State Legislature.
|Removal of chairman and other members
|By the President. They are appointed by the Governor but can be removed from their position only by the President of India.
|Conditions for removal of chairman or other members by SPSC or President
The Chairman or other members could also be removed from office on the grounds of misbehaviour or bad conduct. In such cases, normally, the President has to refer the matter to higher levels at the Supreme Court.
|Reappointment after retirement
|A chairperson who has previously served a term cannot continue under the same PSC, and he could be appointed as chairman or some other PSC or JPSC or chairman/ member of UPSC.
A member cannot be re-appointed in the same PSC, and he could serve as the chairman under the same PSC in his successive term. He could also serve as the chairman or member of other PSC/ JPSC or UPSC.
Functions of State Public Service Commission
Similar to the specific functions performed by the UPSC at the central level, the State Public Service Commissions (PSCs) undertake analogous responsibilities in their respective states. In summary, the State PSCs are entrusted with the following duties:
- Conducting state-level examinations for the appointment of candidates to various services.
- Decisions related to personnel management, including:
- Different methods of selection and recruitment for various state civil services and posts.
- Guiding principles for conducting examinations.
- Guidelines for transfers and promotions between services.
- Matters pertaining to general discipline and conduct.